Greater safety, security, comfort, and reduction of exhaust gas emissions on vehicles with easier and faster service enables the use of electronically controlled systems. One of the indispensable elements of electronic control is sensors. They are a kind of “sense” that constantly tracks, monitors, and measures the parameters of various systems on vehicles.

Modern vehicles have a large number of electronically controlled systems whose function is based on sensors. Sensors can be divided based on the measurement quantity that is monitored, measured, and converted into a suitable electrical signal.

There are sensors on the vehicles:
– mode;
– temperature;
– movements;
– position;
– distances;
– direction of movement;
– positions, speeds, and accelerations (angular, linear);
– elapsed time and frequency;
– noise and vibration;
– liquid level;
– pressure (absolute, differential, atmospheric);
– flow;
– number of rotations (rpm);
– forces and moments;
– mechanical stress;
– orientation;
– fluid viscosity;
– electrical voltage and amperage;
– humidity and rain;
– light intensity;
– gas concentrations.

Correct and reliable vehicle operation depends on correct and accurate sensors. The ECU constantly checks the correctness of the sensors during system operation. Also, service technicians check the correctness of the sensors through the vehicle maintenance and repair process. That is why service technicians must have a good knowledge of the role, mode of operation, and procedure of sensor testing. In this section, you will get to know the sensors on vehicles and the procedures for testing, repairing, and replacing them.

Mode sensors

Mode sensors inform the electronic control unit (ECU) about the current state (on or off) of a device, function, or system on the vehicle. Read more

Mode sensor test

When the mode sensor is suspected to be faulty, it is checked. The test procedure applies to all mode sensors on vehicles. Read more

Temperature sensors

Temperature sensors measure the temperature of vehicles. Temperature-variable resistors (thermistors) are mainly used. Read more

Testing temperature sensor

Diagnostics and measurements are used to test the temperature sensor. Temperature sensors are thermistors that change their resistance as the temperature changes. Read more

MAP sensor test

Regardless of MAP sensor type (capacitive, resistive tensometric, or piezoelectric) procedure for correctness testing is the same. Read more

Testing an Oxygen/Lambda sensor

When light the malfunctioning indicator lamp is on the dashboard or when a malfunction is suspected, an oxygen sensor test is performed. Read more

See also

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